Ten useful chemical reactions’ resultants that have some good uses in various industries. A resultant or a byproduct is a secondary product that comes from a production process or chemical reaction. Now, a resultant can be useful and marketable or it can be a total waste itself. So, here we take a look at ten useful chemical reactions’ resultants which have widespread use across industries:
1. Carbon monoxide:
Now, CO is a colorless, odorless gas that comes as a result of incomplete CO2 combustion. And is used as an industrial gas in many applications like bulk chemicals manufacturing. In addition to this, hydrogenation of carbon monoxide also produces methanol. An industrial-scale use for pure carbon monoxide is purifying nickel in the Mond process, in the water-gas shift reaction to produce hydrogen. And also used to produce acetic acid. Thus, carbon monoxide along with its multifarious uses, is also used as a lasing medium in high-powered infrared lasers.
Gasoline is a volatile, flammable liquid obtained from the refinement of petroleum, or crude oil. And it originally discarded as a waste of kerosene production. But its ability to vaporize at low temperatures made it a useful fuel for many machines.
So, with the development of the Nikolaus Otto’s four-stroke internal combustion engine in 1876, gasoline became essential to the automotive industry. And today is used to fuel automobiles, in small percentages, however to power agricultural equipment and aircraft. It is thus among the top ten useful chemical reactions resultants in industries today.
3. Carbon dioxide:
Industrial manufacturing of ammonia during the processing of alcohol and fertilizers , produces carbon dioxide as a resultant. Carbon dioxide is used in the food industry, oil, and even the chemical industry. The compound has varied commercial uses but one of its greatest uses as a chemical is in the production of carbonated beverages. It provides the sparkle in carbonated beverages such as soda water, beer and even sparkling wine. Not only this, but carbon dioxide is also a food additive product used as a propellant and acidity regulator .Carbon dioxide is used to produce carbonated soft drinks, soda water, and in the form of dry ice also used in making wine.
4. Molasses: One of the ten useful chemical reactions’ resultants.
Molasses is a honey-like viscous syrup, and is a highly valuable resultant product in the sugar industry. It is residual syrup from which no more crystalline sucrose is obtained. But, Molasses is considered as a low-value product that is used as a soil fertilizer, a cattle feed supplement. And is also used in specialized yeast fermentations, as a flavoring agent in some foods, or even as a feedstock for ethanol production.
Propylene comes from the oil refining and natural gas processing. And it is the second most important starting product in the petrochemical industry after ethylene. Now, in the year 2013 various industries processes about 85 million tons of propylene worldwide that served as the raw material for a wide variety of products. In addition to this, there is PG propylene that dominates the Propylene production and mainly contributes in polypropylene production. It also accounts for nearly two thirds of all demand. So, in a nutshell, Polypropylene end uses include films, fibers, containers, packaging, and caps and closures. And, the PG is also used for the production of important chemicals such as propylene oxide, acrylonitrile, butyraldehyde, and acrylic acid.
Coke is a high-carbon product obtained in the destructive distillation of coal. And the amount of carbon content in coke is so high that it is closest to the purest form of carbon. Now, true Coke is greyish-black in color and is a hard, porous solid. And its most common use is as a fuel for stoves, furnaces and blacksmithing. Also, It is sometimes preferred over coal because burning coke produces very little smoke. It is also used to produce iron in a blast furnace, used to manufacture steel and many other materials. Also Read ten important chemical reactions in human body.
Propane is a resultant of natural gas processing and petroleum refining, and is commonly used as a fuel. It is one from the group of liquefied petroleum gases (LP gases), and is a popular choice for barbecues. It is so because it is easily used in portable stoves owing to its low boiling point of −42 °C (−44 °F). This makes it vaporize as soon as it is released from its pressurized container. Therefore, no carburetor or other vaporizing device is required as a simple metering nozzle suffices. In addition to this, Propane widely powers buses, forklifts, taxis, outboard boat motors, and also the ice resurfacing machines. Its other major uses include cooking in recreational vehicles and campers, in locomotive diesel engines as a fuel for turbocharger for better combustion. And is also instrumental in providing off-the-grid refrigeration.
Ethane is a colourless, odourless, gaseous hydrocarbon. And it is the second most important constituent of natural gas, which is dissolved in petroleum oils. It occurs as a resultant product of oil refinery operations and also from the carbonization of coal. The industrial importance of ethane is based upon the ease with which it is converted to ethylene (C2H4) and hydrogen on pyrolysis, or cracking. It happens during the industrial process when it is passed through hot tubes. Now, like propane and, to a lesser extent, butane, ethane is also a major raw material for the huge ethylene petrochemical industry. Ethane however can be liquefied under pressure or at reduced temperatures and thus separated from natural gas. But, unlike propane, liquid ethane is not in common use as an industrial or domestic fuel.
9. Natural gas:
Natural gas is the cleanest-burning hydrocarbon. It is abundant and versatile, that helps meet growing demand for energy globally. And it is also a great adjunct for the renewable energy sources. Natural gas is a non-renewable hydrocarbon used as a source of energy for heating, cooking, and electricity generation. It is also used as a fuel for vehicles and as a chemical feedstock in the manufacture of plastics and other commercially important organic chemicals. Noe, in the 19th century, natural gas came as resultant of oil production.
Water is a resultant of many useful chemical reactions and has a plethora of uses. The most basic chemical reactions are incomplete without the participation of water. Proteins fold into their functional shape based on how their amino-acid sequences react with water. These newly formed enzymes must conduct their specific chemical reactions in a medium, which in all organisms is water. Water is an ideal medium for chemical reactions as it can store a large amount of heat, is electrically neutral, and has a pH of 7.0, meaning it is not acidic or basic. Additionally, water is involved in many enzymatic reactions as an agent to break bonds or, by its removal from a molecule, to form bonds.