A massive and decade-long study to examine entire tumor genomes has provided the most complete picture yet of how DNA glitches induce tumor cell development. The Pan-Cancer project, which had a staff of more than 1300 scientists and clinicians around the world, examined 2658 whole genomes for 38 types of cancer, from breast to liver. Their study opens the door for various discoveries, from the number and location of so-called driver mutations that push cells to replicate uncontrollably. Scientists believe the study could pave the way for the full genome sequencing of all patients’ tumors. Such sequences could then be used in attempts to match each patient to a molecular medication.
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